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Information and links

Carbon Intelligence

Know the Facts
about your Carbon position
about your regulatory position
about Carbon Trading. 

Be Intelligent
in your response to the
challenges and opportunities
that Carbon Reporting and
Emissions Trading bring.



The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 21) held in Paris in December 2015 adopted a resoution to reduce carbon output “as soon as possible” and for all 195 countries to do their best to keep global warming “to well below 2 degrees C”.

The Australian Federal Government has conducted the second auction of the Emissions Reduction Fund, the centrepiece of its Direct Action Plan for the control of Carbon emissions in Australia, and has repealed the Clean Energy Future legislative package with the last Carbon Tax payments made in February 2015.

25 November 2016: Momentum won’t be lost, says Clean Energy Regulator chief

25 October 2016: Regulator sets out NGER compliance focus

09 September 2016: Regulator issues new safeguard baselines

23 June 2016 Big emitters show interest in looser emission limits

24 May 2016: Preparing for the introduction of the safeguard mechanism

05 May 2016: ERF auction results -average price drops to $10.23

2 February 2016: Australian Senate to scrutinise corporate carbon disclosures

29 January 2016: CER: 20 million ACCUs issued under the Emissions Reduction Fund

23 December 2015: Dirtier energy mix pushes up Australia’s GHG emissions

15 December 2015: Goodbye CERs Paris accord may impact offset use in Australia

08 December 2015: Back to the Future - the ALP’s soft start ETS

12 November 2015: ERF auction 2: Regulator to buy carbon credits worth $557m

09 November 2015: Alcan Gove, Optus, Australian Paper to earn carbon credits

05 November 2015: Up to $1b for farmers in ERF to plant trees and burn grass

23 September 2015: Chloe Munro, CER: shift in project types - Industry embraces the ERF

17 September 2015: Australian states explore carbon market amid federal inaction

15 September 2015: Tougher safeguard rules a possibility under new Australian leader

13 August 2015: Safeguard mechanism moves to centre stage in emissions plan

20 May 2015: Trucker leads way in Greg Hunt’s climate plan

Definitions & Acronyms


A useful glossary from EPA Victoria and RMIT is located here.


CDM Clean Development Mechanism
CEM Continuous Emission Monitoring
CH4 Methane
CER Certified Emission Reduction
CCX Chicago Climate Exchange
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
CO2-e Carbon Dioxide Equivalent
EPER European Pollutant Emission Register
EU ETS European Union Emissions Allowance Trading Scheme
GHG Greenhouse Gas
GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
HFCs Hydrofluorocarbons
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPIECA International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association
ISO International Standards Organisation
J I Joint Implementation
N2O Nitrous Oxide
NGO Non-Governmental Organisation
PFCs Perfluorocarbons
SF6 Sulphur Hexafluoride
T&D Transmission and Distribution
UK ETS United Kingdom Emission Trading Scheme
WBCSD World Business Council for Sustainable Development
WRI World Resources Institute

Some useful links

The global authoritative source is the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC):

If you are after global and local news stories, try:

The Clean Energy Regulator site is now the best single source of Australian regulatory information:

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol group, comprising large energy companies such as BP and Shell, large accounting/consulting partnerships KPMG and PwC, and Australian and Canadian government representatives, is at:
They have published a range of useful guides. The most famous, and the single best guide to measuring and understanding carbon emission measurement and reporting is the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Standard, previously called the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard, but usually simply referred to as the Greenhouse Gas Protocol. Despite the imposing title from a prestigious group of contributors, it is an easily readable document, and is highly recommended. It is available at no cost at

The Protocol was the basis of the International Standard and then the (almost identical) Australian Standard, ISO/AS 14064:2006.
Carbon Intelligence carries out Carbon Footprint Statements, Project Validation and Verification of both Statements and Projects according to these Standards.
Whilst a Standard is inevitably a drier document than the Protocol, it is a practical “how to” document as well as being authoritative. These Standards are divided into three parts:
- Part 1 is the most relevant for an organisation starting their Carbon journey.
- Part 2 is about carbon reduction and carbon offset projects, which will become important as 2011 and the Australian Carbon Pollution Reduction (Emissions Trading) Scheme approaches.
- Part 3 is about Validating these projects, and about Verifying Carbon Footprint Statements and Reduction Projects.